Migrating From Vue-CLI & Webpack to Vitejs

Qvault’s web app that hosts all of my coding courses is a single-page application written in Vue 2, with plans to migrate to Vue 3 soon™©®. In the meantime, I happened across a cool new tooling app called Vite that promised a few things that caught my attention.

  • Nearly instant development server startup time
  • Hot module replacement out of the box
  • Simple configuration
  • Out-of-the-box support for ES modules

This particularly resonated with me because my (fairly) simple app’s development server took over 10 seconds to start up with the Vue-cli and Webpack, and I’ve spent many hours in the past trying to configure Webpack and Babel, when I just needed basic Vue configurations. Let’s look at some quick anecdotal comparisons before I dive into the migration guide, so you can see if the benefits of switching are worth it for you.

ViteVue-cli + Webpack
Dev server start time~600ms~10,000ms
HMR timeUnsure, appears instant~2,000ms
Production build time~15s~22s
Number of bundled JS files29 JS modules18 JS Modules
Average JS bundle size~29kb~61kb
Total JS bundle size~840kb~1098kb
Vite vs Vue-cli + Weback

Additionally, in order to get the 18 modules shown above using the Vue cli and webpack, I had to add comment annotations to my routes.js file. Out of the box the Vue-cli makes one giant bundle, which is much worse for page performance reasons. Vite splits the bundle along module lines out-of-the-box without the need for those annoying annotations.

Migration Guide

Let’s go through the major steps of actually moving a project in Vue 2 from the Vue CLI to Vite.

Step 1 – dependencies

All @vue-cli... dependencies need to go. For me that meant removing the following.

- "@vue/cli-plugin-babel": "^4.5.6", - "@vue/cli-plugin-eslint": "^4.5.6", - "@vue/cli-service": "^4.5.6",
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

These were replaced with Vite and its plugin for Vue.

+ "vite": "^2.2.1", + "vite-plugin-vue2": "^1.4.4", + "@vue/compiler-sfc": "^3.0.11",
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

Next, Vite supports sass out of the box, so I could remove my old dependencies.

- "node-sass": "^4.12.0", - "sass-loader": "^10.0.2",
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

And I replaced them with the bare-bones sass compiler, because Vite requires it to be available.

+ "sass": "^1.32.11",
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

Finally, because Vite only supports modern browsers (sorry if you have to support legacy stuff, Vite might not be for you) I removed babel dependencies and my babel.config.js file.

- "babel-eslint": "^10.1.0", - "babel-runtime": "^6.26.0"
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

Moving index.html

Vite doesn’t store index.html in the public folder like you’re used to, instead it goes right in the root of your project, so move it there. Vite also needs an additional entry point.

<body> <noscript> <strong> We're sorry but this app doesn't work properly without JavaScript enabled. Please enable it to continue. </strong> </noscript> <div id="app"></div> <!-- this new script is for vite --> <script type="module" src="/src/main.js"></script> </body>
Code language: HTML, XML (xml)

You’ll also need to move your static asset references to use a simple / rather than <%= BASE_URL %>.

<link rel="apple-touch-icon" sizes="180x180" href="/apple-touch-icon.png"> <link rel="icon" type="image/png" sizes="32x32" href="/favicon-32x32.png"> <link rel="icon" type="image/png" sizes="16x16" href="/favicon-16x16.png"> <link rel="manifest" href="/site.webmanifest">
Code language: HTML, XML (xml)

Vite Config

Here is the vite.config.js I settled on, it goes in the root of the project.

import { defineConfig } from 'vite'; import { createVuePlugin } from 'vite-plugin-vue2'; import path from 'path'; export default defineConfig({ plugins: [ createVuePlugin() ], server: { port: 8080 }, resolve: { alias: [ { find: '@', replacement: path.resolve(__dirname, 'src') } ] }, build: { chunkSizeWarningLimit: 600, cssCodeSplit: false } });
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

The resolve block lets me import components using @ as the root of the src directory. For example, import Tooltip from '@/components/Tooltip.vue';.

The build block does a couple of things, first, it increases the chunk size warning limit from the default of 500kb to 600kb. I did that just because I have a really heavy code editor component and I don’t want to see the warning every time.

Secondly, my site completely broke when I let Vite split my .css files the way it wanted to. This actually makes me sad because I’d rather have my users only load the CSS they need as they need them. If anyone has had a similar problem please let me know how you solved it.

.vue extensions

Vite explicitly requires that all .vue imports include the .vue in the path. This can be a bit tedious if you haven’t been using the extensions. All your imports need to be updated from import Tooltip from '@/components/Tooltip' to import Tooltip from '@/components/Tooltip.vue'.

Webpack chunking for lazy-loaded routes

If previously you used comment annotations in Webpack to break up your bundle, you don’t need to do that anymore! Just remove them.

const Courses = () => import(/* webpackChunkName: "Courses" */ '@/views/Courses.vue');

becomes

const Courses = () => import('@/views/Courses.vue');

Yarn Scripts

I use the following three scripts.

"serve": "vite --open", "preview": "vite preview --open --port 8080", "build": "vite build --out-dir dist", "lint": "eslint src", "lint:fix": "eslint src --fix"
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)
  • yarn serve starts a development server and open your preferred browser.
  • yarn build builds the production files and stores them in dist
  • yarn preview serves the production files locally for testing
  • yarn lint runs eslint and reports problems. You probably were using vue-cli-service lint before, which just ran eslint under the hood.

Node environment

Vite is strict when it comes to Node.js code being slipped into your front-end bundle. I ran into an issue where a dependency I had required global to be defined. Obviously, the best thing is to not require dependencies like that, but in my case I needed it so I added a little shim in index.html.

<!-- polyfill global because shit dependencies --> <script> const global = globalThis; </script> <!-- end polyfill -->
Code language: HTML, XML (xml)

Vue 3

My next migration will likely be to Vue 3, hopefully sometime this year. I’ve really just been holding out for a bit more stability, and for a few of my dependencies to support the new major version.

Have questions or feedback?

Follow and hit me up on Twitter @q_vault if you have any questions or comments. If I’ve made a mistake in the article be sure to let me know so I can get it corrected!